Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country of approximately seventeen million people occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes also some Pacific islands, particularly Easter Island.
From Atacama desert to Patagonia, Chile is composed of a great diversity of extreme environments. Chile’s northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper, molybdenum and lithium. The central region condenses agricultural, cultural and political resources. The South of Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, featuring a chain of volcanoes and lakes. With coasts all along its territory ends up in the southern part with labyrinths of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.
The capital, Santiago, is the largest city of Chile with a population of seven million people (almost 50% of total population). At 473 m (1,555 ft) above sea level, the city is located in the central valley and has a backdrop of the Andes mountains. Santiago is one of Latin America’s most modern metropolitan areas, with extensive suburban development, dozens of shopping centers, and impressive high-rise architecture. It is home to many multinational regional headquarters, a developed financial centre and very modern transport infrastructure, including a very efficient subway. Santiago has a diverse, cosmopolitan culture, influenced by the different groups of immigrants arrived from Europe, Asia, Middle East and Latin America. Santiago has been selected one of the interesting destination to visit in the world by the New York Times.
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